Our God is a jealous God.
Zephaniah may have been a great-great-grandson of Hezekiah, Zephaniah 1:1. He prophesied during the reign of Josiah, probably before the discovery of the Book of the Law, as the evils which he denounced were then removed by the king.
Zephaniah is the prophet of the Day of the Lord. He does not, like Obadiah, Nahum, or Habakkuk, deal with the downfall of any one nation; he is instead a prophet of universal judgment. His message to the nations is parallel to the words of Jesus: “Or those eighteen, upon whom the tower in Siloam fell, and slew them, think ye that they were sinners above all men that dwelt in Jerusalem? I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish” Luke 13:4-5.
Zephaniah declares that all nations, even Judah itself, will fall under the divine wrath if they continue to defy the divine law. But his message is more than one of judgment. He shows that God is working for the salvation of mankind and that following judgment there will be revealed new heavens and a new earth wherein dwells righteousness. —Through the Bible Day by Day
I. A Day of Judgment, Zephaniah 1:1-3:8
1. Upon the Whole Earth, Zephaniah 1:1-3
2. Upon Particular Nations, Zephaniah 1:4-3:8
(1) Judah and Jerusalem, Zephaniah 1:4-18
(Call to Repentance), Zephaniah 2:1-3
(2) Philistia, Moab, Amnion, Ethiopia, and Assyria, Zephaniah 2:4-15
(3) Princes, Prophets, and Priests of Jerusalem, Zephaniah 3:1-7
(Call to Repentance), Zephaniah 3:8
II. A Day op Hope, Zephaniah 3:9-20
1. All Nations to Be Taught the Worship of God, Zephaniah 3:9-10
2. The Cleansing of Israel, Zephaniah 3:11-13
3. God’s Gracious Reign, Zephaniah 3:14-20